In modern times radio electronic warfare has expanded to the area of
employment of all combat and combat support arms. Therefore radio electronic
warfare is not only limited to a single aspect of combat but also has wide
implications in the area of action of frontal commanders, the
commanders of armies and divisions, the staffs of combined arms and special
arms and all chiefs of combat and combat support arms and services.
Generally speaking the principal organizer of radio electronic warfare is the
staff of combined arms operational formations (front and army) and
primairly the chief of staff. Measures on radio electronic warfare are planned
in the context of the entire operation and they are depicted in the following
------ in the reconnaissance plan and in the plan of combat employment of
special purpose units (SPETZNAZ) and in specific purpose reconnaissance
units.(OSNAZ, ELINT, SIGINT)
------ in the plan of supression of enemy electronic means
----- - in the plan of combat employment of rocket troops and artillery
----- - in air defense, communication, engineer support, chemical support and
operational concealment plans.
In the operational plan the following items are depicted:
----- - inflicting losses by nuclear and conventional weapons on enemy command
posts and signal centers.
----- - seizing or destroying enemy command posts and signal centers.
----- - destroying enemy electronic warfare means
The following missions are depicted in the reconnaissance plan and the plan of
combat employment of special purpose units and special reconnaissance units :
---- - missions to aquire information about enemy electronic means and to
inform the combat arms and services and radio electronic units about them
----- - the employment of special reconnaissance groups and electronic
suppression means against the enemy
----- - the missions concerned with the protection of electronic systems of
reconnaissance organs and units.
----- - missions of special reconnaissance groups about detection, destruction
or seizure of enemy command posts and electronic means.
The following missions are depicted in the plan of suppression of enemy
electronics, which is prepared by the chief of radio electronic warfare:
------ mission on detection of enemy electronic means and target definition for
target suppression means.
----- - the missions for electronic suppression units to create jamming against
enemy command and control systems and equipment.
----- - protection of electronic means and special radio and radio technical
units and supply of electronic material in the face of enemy jamming.
The following missions and measures are depicted in the plan of combat
employment of rocket troops and artillery :
----- - employing electronic suppression means of different types
----- - inflicting casualties by nuclear and conventional weapons on enemy
command posts, signal centers, electronic means and radio electronic warfare
reconnaissance means. ----- - taking measures to protect electronic means of
rocket troops and artillery.
The following topics are in the air defense plan:
----- - reconnaissance missions to detect radio electronic means and electronic
suppression systems supporting the actions of enemy aircraft
----- - destruction of enemy jamming systems and measures on electronic
protection of the air defense system.
The following topics are in other plans:
----- - the communication plan, measures on protection of signal electronic
----- - the engineer plan, the employment of radar reflectors, lasers and
infrared devices as part of the front camouflage plan.
----- - the chemical plan, the use of aerosols to suppress enemy radio
In the engineer and chemical departments plans to protect electronic means of
troop control may be organized.
During preparation of the plan the radio electronic warfare section, in
accordance with the instructions of the chief of staff, coordinates the
contents of the plan with the reconnaissance, operations, and communications
departments and chiefs of combat arms and air army staff as well as the
transportation aircraft force and air assault troop units. The plan is signed
by the chief of staff of the front and the chief of radio electronic
warfare and is approved by the front commander.
The missions and specific measures of destruction of enemy command posts and
important electronic targets are accomplished by strikes of rocket troops,
artillery, and air forces and by action of air and seaborne assault forces and
special reconnaissance groups. The general concept of these actions is shown in
the operation plan while the details are shown in the plan of combat employment
of the respective arms and services.
The radio electronic warfare missions are issued to lower echelons by combat
instructions based on the chief of staff's orders on the organization of radio
This plan is normally prepared graphically on the map and depicts the
employment of electronic suppression units along with written instructions. The
map depicts the following matters:
----- - enemy's disclosed and likely grouping of forces, its radio electronic
means, including radio electronic warfare systems in the attack sector.
----- - enemy's command posts and important electronic targets to be destroyed
by front troops and means on the basis of the front
----- - some elements of front operational formations
----- - the deployment areas, and mission areas of responsibility of special
radio and radio electronic units, the time for them to create radio jamming and
their maneuver during the course of the operation.
----- - the deployment of command posts, special radio and technical radio
units, and FUP areas.
----- - the measures to be taken by enginner troops on concealment of units,
direction of movement of troops, crossing sites, and rear service
The following measures are shown on the graphic of combat employment of
electronic suppression units:
----- - the mission of electronic suppression units during the initial nuclear
strike, during the accomplishment of important missions by front
forces on each day of the operation:
---------- a. to radio units
--------------- -- missions on detection and suppression of enemy radio and
radio relay communications.
---------- b. to radio technical units
--------------- -- missions to cover front forces and targets
----- - the time of relocation of radio suppression units and the time of
detection of enemy targets and creation of jamming
----- - the capabilities of electronic suppresion units
Those matters which cannot be easily depicted on the map are normally included
in written instructions, such as the following:
----- - deductions from the assessment of the enemy's electronic systems and
----- - the aim and concept of electronic suppression prior to the initiation
of combat action and during the execution of the initial nulcear strike and the
enemy's retaliatory nuclear strike
----- - the aim and concept of electronic suppression at the moment of
initiation of the attack by frontal forces as well as during the
accomplishment of the immediate mission.
----- - the missions of front special radio and radio technical units
and those of adjacent formations cooperating with the front in
accomplishment of the missions during the course of the operation.
----- - principal measures of electronic protection conducted by special
purpose radio and radio technical units
----- - reconnaissance missions conducted in support of electronic suppression
and methods of coordination between special purpose radio and radio electronic
----- - organization of troop control of electronic suppression troops and
means and coordination among them.
The number and contents of questions to be depicted in the electronic
suppression plan can vary depending on concrete situations and the character of
preparing and conducting the offensive operation.