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16th MRD 18th MRD 19th MRD 21st MRD 17th TD 20th TD Missile forces Army arty group Combat Helio PVO Anti-tank Res POZ Airborne Engr Chemical
Participation in initial nuc strike 1. missile brigade of army, rocket battalions of divisions of first and second echelon participate in front innitial nuclear strike;

2. targets and yield are distributed in accordance with axis and distance between the units by the chief of staff, chief of MT&A, and chief of operations;

3. plan air bursts and use of chemical warheads in the axis of the main attack;

4. artillery and combat helicopters on the main attack axis use ammunition and chemical bombs on targets close to the front during nuclear strike;

5. the first nuclear strike is conducted according to order of front commander by three red rockets and radio message three times (word Pusk);

6. with the launch of the nuclear missiles the front aviation takes off and after the first nuclear strike they fly to targets in the zone ___, ___ passing through zone in army sector;

7. reconnaissance of all echelons against the condition and status of targets observes and reports on changes in the situation and in accordance with these the plan will be changed;

8. during conduct of nuclear strike army must consider and take measures for protection of own forces and direction of wind and time of day and night and must warn the troops in a timely manner on the first nuclear use. If forces are not warned, then must consider using a security distance 4 times greater than norm;

9. to accomplish surprise participation in initial nuclear strike, one third of nuclear forces will be on duty status for firing.

10. after conduct of initial nuclear strike, the enemy will also conduct nuclear strikes, therefore army organizes combined detachments of engineer, chemical, and motorized forces and they go into action when enemy uses nuclear strikes;

11. army and troop PVO means must be prepared after initial nuclear strike to repel enemy mass strikes and his pilotless means;

12. with first strike motorized divisions of first-echelon begin the attack in enemy depth and in interaction with air desants destroy main grouping;

13. missile battalions of first-echelon divisions fire at targets that have been confirmed by new reconnaissance;

14. fire is conducted exactly at the determined time P. For this all launchers must be prepared.

1. PVO forces cover the army missile brigade, main forces of army, command posts, and mobile missile bases in concentration areas.

2. after conduct of initial nuclear strike, army and troop PVO forces must be prepared to repel mass enemy air strikes and his pilotless means.

1. one combined detachment is created from engineer, chemical, and motorized forces (battalions) and also creation of combined detachments with mission of liquidation of results of enemy mass destruction weapons is planned by staffs and formations. During use of nuclear strikes by enemy they go into action to liquidate results of mass weapons and restore forces' combat effectiveness.
Repel enemy attack 1. divisions of first-echelon deploy 1-5 km from the border and build positions for defense units (usually from each division one motor rifle regiment);

2. units of artillery and rocket battalion of first-echelon division occupy firing positions behind the covering force guard units.

3. organize visual and radio and radio-technical reconnaissance at the state border;

4. the main forces of first-echelon divisions prepare mine fields on the main axis in the assembly areas with mission of repelling superior forces enemy attacks;

5. in case enemy launches offensive with superior forces on the main axis, go onto the defensive and inflict losses on the enemy and on other axes go onto offensive into depth of enemy territory;

6. in case enemy goes onto offensive with superior forces across the entire army front, go onto the defense on the whole front and inflict losses, and when operational reserves arrive then go onto the offensive.

1. prepare and occupy positions in the FUP areas;

2. conduct counter- attacks in accordance with the situation on the flank or rear of enemy and in interaction with main forces surround and destroy enemy.

Rocket forces will be prepared to conduct a group strike with

nuclear, chemical, and conventional rockets on the enemy main grouping, nuclear weapons, and command points.

1. prepare and occupy firing positions in the FUP areas;

2. conduct destruction of enemy main grouping during the battle in depth;

3. support deployment of

second-echelon forces and cover their flanks during counter

attacks in accordance with situation;

4. when enemy receives heavy losses and our reserves arrive, support the army main forces in their going over onto the offensive.

1. combat helicopters stop enemy tank attacks;

2. combat aircraft deliver strikes on main enemy forces during their repulsion and the course of the operation.

1. conduct reconnais-sance and observation against enemy air forces and warn forces of enemy air strikes;

2. cover rocket forces, artillery, main forces, and command posts against air strikes during

repulsion of enemy;

3. cover forces of second-

echelon in FUP area, during movement to counterattack and during counter- attack;

4. cover army forces when they go onto the attack.

1. designate lines to deploy anti-tank reserves and locations for construction of mine fields on possible enemy axes of attack;

2. construct mine fields and deploy anti-tank reserve and repel enemy tank attack on the axis of enemy main tank attack.

Cross border & battle in covering area 1. at the designated time, H-hr, army forces go onto the offensive in the enemy covering force area with re-inforced forward detachments based on one motor rifle regiment from each first-echelon division;

2. forward detachments attack enemy covering forces and quickly approach the enemy main line of defense;

3. forward detachments when they reach the enemy forward defense line determine the capability of the defense, combat formation, artillery positions, positions of fire means, command posts, strong points and other elements and maintain contact with enemy;

4. main forces of first-echelon divisions in march column move behind forward detachments and prepare to breakthrough defenses

Rocket forces and artillery when necessary deliver fire strikes or fire preparation on enemy nuclear weapons,

artillery, mortar batteries, tanks, anti-tank means, personnel, fire weapons, command posts, and radio-technical means in the zone of attack;

Air forces and combat helicopters deliver strikes on nuclear means, artillery and mortar batteries, command posts, and reserves located out of artillery range;

2. support combat action of forward detachments.

Support army main forces, missile forces and artillery, and command posts from enemy air strikes.


1. 16th and 18th MRD's breakthrough enemy defense with adjacent flanks in the area ___, __ on width of 10 km and quickly develop the offensive in enemy depth.

2. formations and units organize reconnaissance of enemy and terrain and determine platoon strong points, firing positions of artillery and mortars, command posts, nuclear weapons positions, locations of reserves and second echelons;

3. artillery forces, PVO forces, and command posts move behind the forward detachments and occupy firing positions to conduct preparatory fire and cover forces against enemy strikes;

4. the main forces of first echelon formations move behind artillery and PVO in march columns. At a distance of 8-12 km from enemy defenses they deploy into battalion columns, at 4-6 km deploy into company columns and at 2-3 km into platoon columns, and

attack enemy defense from the march;

5. density of artillery in breakthrough area is 110-120 guns per km. Duration of preparatory fire is 40 min and preparatory fire consists of three strikes. Ammunition expenditure of 1 unit of fire and exactly at Che hour attack enemy defense.

6. during fire preparation tanks, ATGM, anti-tank guns participate with task of destroying separate targets and enemy fire means;

7. units of first-echelon as possible bypass enemy strong points and quickly develop the offensive in the depth;

8. be prepared to repel counter-attacks on lines ___, __ and from axes ___, __- and also on lines ___, ___and axis __-, _--.

Be prepared to conduct group strikes with

nuclear, chemical, and conventional missiles on enemy main grouping, nuclear weapons, and command posts.

1. width of breakthrough sector is 10 km and density of artillery per km is 110-120;

2. duration of fire preparation is 40 min and ammunition expenditure is 1 unit of fire;

3. army artillery group is 10 artillery battalions, division arty groups 6 battalions and regimental groups 4 battalions;

4. send artillery reconnaissance units with the forward detachments in order to conduct preparation for artillery fire;

5. artillery moves behind the forward detachments and occupies firing positions for preparatory fire;

6. anti-tank ATGM and guns participate during fire preparation;

7. support fire consists of barrage fire to the depth of first echelon battalions and then by successive concentration fire to depth of first echelon brigades.

1. Air forces and combat helicopters during movement strike enemy long range artillery , nuclear weapons, command posts,

2. Air forces participate in fire preparation and air preparation starts at Che

minus 20 min and lasts to Che plus 3 min the targets are artillery located outside range of long range artillery and reserves, nuclear weapons, command points.

3. combat helicopters block enemy counter-attacks by second-echelon

1.cover army main forces, missile brigade, artillery, command points, during fire preparation and movement of troops into enemy depth

2. PVO forces on the basis of orders of front chief of PVO in interaction with PVO forces of First Guards Tank Army and front fighter aviation repel mass aviation strikes.

3. PVO forces move behind forward detachments and occupy firing positions during breakthrough

1. Repel attacks and counterattacks of tank and motor rifle forces of second-echelon on lines ___, ___ and from axes ___, ___ and also on line___, ___ and axis ___. In interaction with mobile obstacle detachment create mine fields on axes of enemy

counterattacks and counterblows.

1. In enemy mine fields before first line of defense create 45 lanes with army

engineer sapper units.

2. At the lanes establish comman-dant's

service guides with engineer troops.

Airborne assault 1. when first-echelon divisions conduct a desant operation in their attack axis, they should speed up their ground attack to the assault area in order to link up quickly. If the situation requires, they should send a forward detachment to link up. The forward detachment moves quickly, organizes interaction, and renders assistance.

2. when first-echelon formations reach the area of air assault desants, the further actions of the desants are controlled by the formation commander in accordance with the general concept of operation.

Conduct nuclear, chemical, and conventional strikes by missile forces on enemy PVO in the transport aviation flight zone; Artillery also conducts fire strikes on enemy PVO means in the zone of transport aviation flight. 1. conduct reconnaissance in the desant area prior to the landing.

2. support desant flight, landing, and combat action;

3. deliver air strikes on enemy PVO in the air transport flight path;

Cover the air assault force in their

assembly areas and during the flight across the army area

The landing is conducted during the operation in the following areas:

1. airborne assault battalion at 0900 on first day of operation in the area ___; mission is to capture command post of corps, the assembly area for the landing group is in area _____;

2. motor rifle battalion at 0600 on the 2nd day of operation lands in area ___, mission is to seize nuclear depot and capture command post in area ___, assembly area for landing unit is at

Commit second echelon 1. support and protect second-echelon forces from air attack as they arrive in the zone of operations of the first-echelon divisions;

2. suppress enemy by using nuclear, chemical, and conventional warheads along the line of commitment of the second-echelon;

3. support by artillery fire the commitment of second-echelon;

4. cover the open flanks from enemy tank attacks with anti-tank reserves and mobile obstacle detachments

Second echelon forces enter the engagement on the line of ___ to ___ , on the axis __ to __ and destroy enemy forces in region ___ to ___ etc with aim of quick expansion of offensive in depth. At the end of the day seize a line from __ to ___. And on the following morning continue the attack in the direction of ___. (for each division) Suppress with nuclear, chemical, and conventional rockets important enemy targets in front of and on flanks of second-echelon forces on the line of commitment. 1. reinforce second-echelon forces during commitment with artillery battalions from composition of artillery groups of first-echelon division and army artillery group and also two artillery bns of anti-tank reserve;

2. in accordance with situation during commit-ment of second-echelon, suppress defenders with 50 min fire strike and expenditure of ammunition of 0.6 BK.

3. artillery assault support fire is conducted with OV or PSO fire on one line or on two lines to the depth of first-echelon defender battalions in accordance with situation.

4. accompanying fire conducted by massive and concentration fire

1. cover second-echelon forces in their assembly area and during movement forward to the line of commitment and during deployment ;

2. cover second-echelon forces during commitment into engagement and during battle in enemy depth;

3. PVO troops occupy their firing positions close to line of commitment of second-echelon forces;

4. conduct aerial reconnaissance and warning against enemy and cover second-echelon from enemy air strikes;

Cover open flanks of second-echelon from enemy tank strikes; 1. open and repair roads for each division 3-4 routes each

2. open lanes in enemy mine fields on the line of commitment;

3. conduct commandant's service at the lanes openings;

Force Water


1. forcing Rhine River is conducted on a wide front from the march or after a brief reparation in accordance with situation;

2. forcing is conducted with use of means of front, army, and division and troops and army will be reinforced with means of front

3. before the crossing conduct detailed reconnaissance of the river and locations, enemy forces, on both banks. In accordance with this designate locations for crossings for each division.

4. for each division designate zone for crossing and missions on the far bank with aim of rapid crossing of river. For each division organize four to 6 assault crossings, 4-6 raft sites, 3-4 underwater crossings, and 1 bridge.

5. with aim of seizing bridges and crossings held by enemy, send forward detachments from each first-echelon division and also send an air assault from parachute desant regiment in the area ___, ___. 600 5th day of operation;

6. organization of commandant's service during river crossing;

7. organize maskirovka, and also create false crossing regions on river.

8. cover crossings and crossing forces against enemy diversionary actions;

Second-echelon forces cross the river after the first-echelon forces with use of bridges and rafts and assault crossings. Suppress with nuclear, chemical, and conventional missiles main enemy important targets and his arriving reserves toward the far bank of the river. 1. support movement of forward detachments and air assaults from enemy strikes

2. destroy and suppress enemy which defends the river crossing

3. support organization of crossing and conduct of crossing of forces on the Rhine river.

4. support combat actions of forces on the far bank

1. reconnaissance warning of forces against

nuclear strikes

2. cover troops during approach to river crossing

3. conduct of air defense of bridges and crossing sites over river

4. cover forcing troops across the Rhine river

5. cover combat actions of troops on far bank

1. distribute forcing means between formations and their movement between forward detach-


2. determine and designate locations for crossing for each first-echelon division;

3. organize crossing of Rhine, and maneuver of crossing means;

4. create effective and detailed maskirovka of the actual crossing sites and create false crossing sites;

5. organize commandant's service in the crossing areas

Signal For nuclear strikes, chemical strikes, air strikes,