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He was the fourth son of Yaroslav Vladimirovich and his wife, Irina (Ingegerda Olafovna), princess of Sweden. He was born in 1026-7. He married Oda, sister of Burkhardt, Bishop of Trier. (some sources say a daughter of Etheler, Count of Dithmarschen) Their sons were Gleb, prince of Novgorod and Tmutorokan (killed 1078); David, prince of Novgorod (1093-1095) prince of Chernigiv (d 1123); Roman, prince of Tmutorokan (k 1079); Yaroslav, prince of Murom and then Chernigiv (d 1129); and Oleg, prince of Chernigiv then Kursk and Novgorod Seversk (d 1115). Their daughter, Vysheslava, married Boleslaw II, King of Poland. See Svyatoslav with ancestors atgeneology, andSvyatoslavichifor his descendents, and see individual entries.
Svyatoslav initially was content with Chernigiv. He supported his brother, Izyaslav I, against the usurpation of Vseslav I in 1068-69. But the second time Izyaslav fled Kyiv, Svyatoslav was happy to rule in his place (1073-76). However, Svyatoslav then died suddenly in Kyiv and Izyaslav returned to his throne. (See reign of Izyaslav for details.) This brief rule generated the demand of Svyatoslav's sons that they too should be prince of Kiev in their turn. David was willing to compromise, but Oleg continually fought for the throne. Or, giving up on Kyiv, they still fought for Svyatoslav's legitimate throne at Chernigiv. The wars of the Ol'govichi and the Monomashchi (as the descendents of Svyatoslav's nephew, Vladimir II Vsyevolod, who followed his father to Kyiv, were known) continued for several generations.
A particularly noteworthy period as pertains to flourishing culture was the nineteen year rule over the Chernigiv-Northern lands of the learned and energetic ruler Svyatoslav Yaroslavich. Beginning in 1054, his reign brought artisans to complete the building and painting of frescoes on the Redeemer Cathedral. The Yeletskii and Il'inskii monasteries where founded by the medieval Rus propagator of Christianity, Antonii from Lyubech. The Kiev Monastery of the Caves (Kievo-Pecherskaya Lavra) was founded about the middle of the eleventh century by a monk Antony who was later canonized. He decided to devote his life to prayers and to live as a hermit. Antony found that the ideal place for this new home would be one of the hills along the right bank of the river Dnieper, located to the south of the village of Berestovo, once the residence of the Grand Duke Vladimir Svyatoslavich. The hill was covered with thick woods and dotted with caves that nature had made in the cliffs, and from them came the name of the monastery. Pechersk comes from "Pechery" - caves, and his piety soon became well known and many decided to follow his example. One of the first to join him was co-founder of the monastery Feodosii (Theodosius), who was also canonized. Feodosii was a learned man and very good organizer. He did much to spread the influence of the Monastery and to fortify "The Christian universal religion." Feodosii was one of the first opponents of any influence that Rome eventually exercised over the Russian orthodoxy. He came out openly against Roman-Catholic dogmas and repeatedly urged Prince Izyaslav to beware of their teachings and customs. Obviously the Prince listened to Feodosii who received a large piece of land further to the north west from the caves from Prince Izyaslav Yaroslavich, and it was here that the most important edifices were built. The first church built was dedicated to the Virgin and it was completely under ground. Svyatoslav sought to implement the harsh and ascetic teachings of the monk Feodosii, born in Vasil'yev and later canonized by the Orthodox Church.



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