Dates Name Western Commanders Opponents Area Results
1096 - 1099 First Crusade Godfrey of Bouillon, Duke of Lorraine;

Baldwin of Boulogne;

Hugh, Count of Vermandois;

Raymond of Toulouse, Count of St. Gilles;

Robert, Duke of Normandy;

Bohemond of Taranto

Kilij Arslan, Seljuk Turkish sultan

Vizier of Antioch, Yagi-sian

Emir of Mosul, Kerbogha, Damshmed Emir Malik Ghazi, Emir of Aleppo, Redwan

Through Constantinople across Asia Minor and Syria, to Jerusalem Captured Antioch, Tripoli, Jerusalem and established kingdoms in Palestine


1099-1100 Second wave of First Crusade - Stephen of Blois ordered by wife to return - died
Raymond of Toulouse again, survived

Stephen, Count of Blois; Stephen, Count of Burgundy; William II, Count of Nevers; William IX, Duke of Aquitaine;

Conrad, Constable of Germany;

Welf, Duke of Bavaria;

Albert, Count of Biandrate;

Guibert, Count of Parma

Seljuk Turks Through Constantinople and into Asia Minor

Second wave destroyed in Asia minor

1097 - 1140 Independent Crusades Guymemer of Boulogne ;

Eric the Good (Ejegod), King of Danes;

Sigurd I )Siguror), King of Norway;

Pisan, Genoese, Venetian navies

Remaining Moslem cities in Palestine by sea

by rivers through Russia to Kyiv then by sea via Constantinople

by sea with stop in Portugal, then across Mediterranian and return via Constantinople and Kyiv

by sea

Eric died in Cyprus in 1103 and his wife., Bothilda, led Danish fleet to Palestine where she died at Jerusalem, many Danish Vikings entered the Byzantine Varangian Guard

Norwegian Vikings Assisted in capture of Sidon and other ports;
Italian cities provided continuous naval and logistic support
1147-1149 Second Crusade Louis VII, King of France;

Conrad III, Emperor of Germany; Frederick, Duke of Swabia; Vladislav, King of Bohemia; Boleslav IV, King of Poland; Bishop Otto of Freising; Count of Auvergne; Count of Savoy; Marquis of Montferrat; Alphonso Jordan, Count of Toulouse; Henry Glanville, Constable of Suffolk,

Nur-ed-din-Anar (son of Zengi), emir of Aleppo,

emir of Damascus, son of Kilji Arslan, Daneshmed emir,

French and Germans through Asia Minor to Damascus;
English, Flemings and others by sea
Defeated at Damascus; northern group helped Portuguese capture Lisbon
1189-1192 Third Crusade Richard I, King of England;

Philip II Augustus, King of France;

Frederick I Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor;

Conrad, Marquis of Montferrat; Guy de Lusignan, King of Jerusalem

Hugh, Duke of Burgundy; Leopold, Duke of Austria, Henry of Champagne

Saladin, emir of Egypt, Damascus, Aleppo, et cetera Frederick through Asia Minor;

Philip and Richard by sea to Acre

Frederick drowned en route;

Richard captured Cyprus;

Richard and Philip captured Acre;

Richard gained some treaty rights

1202-1204 Fourth Crusade Boniface, of Montferrat; Enrico Dandolo, Doge of Venice; Theobald, Count of Champagne (died); Baldwin IX, Count of Flanders; Count of Blois Alexius III Byzantine Emperor

Alexius IV Murzuphlus

By sea to Constantinople Captured city; established Latin Empire
1212 Children's Crusade Sold into Slavery
1218-1221 Fifth Crusade John of Brienne, King of Jerusalem;

Pelagius, Papal legate; Andrew, King of Hungary; Leopold VI, Duke of Austria; Louis I, Duke of Bavaria, Hugh, King of Cyprus

Sultan Malik - al- Adil (d. 1218)


By sea to Egypt Failure
1228-1229 Sixth Crusade Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Sicily and Jerusalem Malik-al-Kamil, Sultan of Egypt By sea to Acre Treaty rights to Jerusalem and coast towns
1248-1254 Seventh Crusade St. Louis IX, King of France Malik-al-Salih By sea to Egypt Failure
1270-1272 Eighth Crusade St. Louis IX, King of France

Charles of Anjou, King of Sicily;

Prince Edward, later King Edward I of England

Bey of Tunis; Bibars, Sultan of Egypt By sea to Tunis - part including Edward by sea to Acre Treaty favorable for Sicily

Here is a longer description of the crusades

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