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Oliver Spaulding, Hoffman Nickerson & John Wright


Subtitle: A Study of Military Methods From the Earliest Times, The Infantry Journal, Wash. D.C. 1937, 601 pgs., index, bibliography, maps, illustrations


Reviewer's comment: The writing of the book was undertaken on the eve of World War II by authors concerned that the American public knew little about the history of warfare. The three authors each wrote one of the three Parts. The table of contents shows that the authors concluded their effort with the wars of Frederick the Great and Marlborough - the 18th century. Considering the length of history included, even at that conclusion the text is necessarily general. And the information available to the authors then, especially on 'ancient warfare' was limited, resulting in some mistakes. Nevertheless, it was an important popular reference for the public at that time.
Note, from the title the authors limit themselves to describing 'warfare' (military operations conducted to achieve the aims of war) and do not include analysis or discussion about the larger topic - 'War'. Note also, that, in keeping with standard usage from earlier times, the authors consider 'oriental warfare' as that practiced by the 'Early Oriental Monarchies', and consider any distinction between a 'western' and 'oriental' way of warfare as that between the Romans and Parthians.




Part I - Ancient Warfare: To the Death of Julius Caesar


Chapter I - Introduction


Chapter II - The Early Oriental Monarchies
They mean Middle Eastern - like Assyrian, Egptian, Mesopotamian


Chapter III -Greece: The Trojan and Persian Wars (1200 - 479 B.C.)


Chapter IV - Greece: The Peloponnesian War and After (460 - 369 B. C.)


Chapter V - Macedon (370 - 180 B.C.)


Chapter VI - Rome: The Kingdom and the Early Republic (750 - 216 B.C.)


Chapter VII - Rome: The Later Republic (215 - 60 B.C.)


Chapter VIII - Caesar


Part II Warfare in the Roman Empire, The Dark And Middle Ages, to 1494 A. D.


Chapter I - The Imperial Roman Army From Augustus to Hadrian, 29 B.C. to 117 A. D.


Chapter II- The Imperial Roman Army From Hadrian to the Death of Constantine, 117 - 337 A. D.


Chapter III - The Imperial Roman Army From the Death of Constantine to the Death of Justinian 337 - 565 A.D.


Chapter IV - The East Roman Army After the Death of Justinian, and the Dark Ages in the West


Chapter V - General Discussion of Feudal Warfare, Together with the Campaign of Hastings, 1066 A.D.


Chapter VI - Crusading Tactics and Murat, 1099 - 1213 A.D.


Chapter VII - Culmination of Medieval Warfare, 1214 - 1302 A.D.


Chapter VIII - The Decline of Medieval Cavalry and the Reappearance of Infantry, 1302 - 1494 A.D.


Part III - Warfare in Modern Times: To the Death of Frederick the Great


Chapter I - The Sixteenth Century


Chapter II - The Early Seventeenth Century


Chapter III - The Late Seventeenth Century


Chapter IV - The Eighteenth Century








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