He was a son of Rostislav Mstislavich, grand prince of Kyiv who had
earlier been sent to rule Smolensk, then returned to hold the throne at Kyiv.
He was initially appanage prince of Vitebsk (1165 - 67). David became appanage
prince of Smolensk for his father about 1180 to his death in 1197. His sons
were Izyaslav, who was crown prince of Smolensk but
died without heirs;Mstislav, and
Konstantin, princes of Smolensk. He had two
daughters. One daughter married Gleb Vladimirovich,
prince of Ryazan. The family is on this chart.