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HOUSE OF ROSTISLAV MSTISLAVICH

 
{short description of image} bio of Roman Vasil'yevich bio of Izyaslav Davidovich bio of Ivan Fedorovich Tolbuzin bio of Aleksandr Svyatoslavich bio of Vasilii Ivanovich bio of Ivan Andryeyevich bi oof Ivan Vasil'yevich bio of Vasilii Andryeyevich bio of Andrei Afanas'yevich bio of Rostislav Mstislavich bio of Vladimir Mstislavich bio of Yaroslav Vladimirovich bio of Izyaslav Yaroslavich bio of Rostislava-Fedrovna bio of Rostislav Vladimirovich bio of Semyon Andryeyevich bio of Ivan Vasil'yevich bio of Vasilii Andryeyevich bio of Fedor Andryeyevich bio of Ivan Andryeyevich bio of Andrei Vladimirovich bio of Rostislav Rurikovich bio of Vladimir III Rurikovich bio of Afanasii Vasil'yevich bio of Mstislav Mstislavich Udaloi bio of Vasilii Fedorovich Menshoi bio of Fedor Konstantinovich bio of Fedor Konstantinovich Krasni bio of David Mstislavich bio of Konstantin Yur'yevich bi oof Timofei Konstantinovich bio of Yuri Konstantinovich bio of Konstantinovich bio of Mstislav Rostislavich Khrabri bio of Ivan Aleksandrovich bio of Vasilii Svyatoslavich bio of Ivan Svyatoslavich bio of Ivan Gelbovich bio of Dmitrii Gelbovich bio of Yurii Svyatoslavich bio of Gleb Svyatoslavich bio of Vasilii Vasil'yevich bio of Svyatoslav Ivanovich bi oof Ivan Dmitriyevich bio of Aleksandr Yur'yevich bio of Vasilii Aleksandrovich bio of Ivan Aleksandrovich bio of Fedor Svyatoslavich bio of Gleb Svyatoslavich bio of Dmitrii Svyatoslavich bio of Fedor Konstantinovich bio of Yurii Konstantinovich bio of Aleksandr Glebovich bio of Roman Glebovich bio of Svyatoslav Glebovich diagram of family tree bio of Konstantin Rostislavich bio of Mikhail Rostislavich bio of Fedor Rostislavich bio of Gleb Rostislavich bio of Rostislav Mstislavich bio of Andrei Mstislavich bio of Rostislav Mstislavich bio of Vsyevolod Mstislavich bio of Svyatoslav Mstislavich bio of Mstislav Davidovich bio of Mstislav III Romanovich bio of Yaropolk Romanovich bio of David Rostislavich bio of Svyatoslav Rostislavich bio of Roman Rostislavich bio of Ruris Rostislavich
   

Please place your cursor over individuals to see which are linked directly to brief descriptions. Unfortunately we had to make this table very wide in order to place all the members of a generation on the same line. Then, in the lists of individuals all the individuals are linked in the text to fathers and sons.
Rostislav Mstislavich was the second son of MstislavVladimirovich (the Great). He was sent to rule Smolensk where he established another of those long-lasting family dynasties. He managed to be prince at Kyiv briefly as well, as did his son, Rurik, but his family continued to control the important region around Smolensk for eight more generations until it was absorbed into Lithuania.
Although Smolensk was one of the more ancient of towns in Rus, it became an independent principality much later. The town is mentioned in "Povosti vremennikh let" in connection with the spread of the Slavic tribes. The name of the town most likely came from the ancient Rus term, "smola". In the 10th century Smolensk lands were occupied by the Krivichi, who settled in a broad swath of north-central Russia. The town became important very early due to its location near the headwaters of the Dniper and close to the portages from the rivers flowing north and northwest into the Baltic. After Oleg took Kyiv, Smolensk land became included in the ancient Kyivan state and was governed by a lieutenant sent by the Kyivan prince. In 1054 was given by Yaroslav the Wise to his son, Vyacheslav and on the latter's death it went to his brother, Igor. From that time the Smolensk lands began to gain some independence.
After the death of Igor the Yaroslavichi divided the Smolensk lands into three parts. In 1073 Vsyevolod Yaroslavich obtained Smolensk and gave it to his son, Vladimir Monomakh, who appointed his sons, Mstislav and Izyaslav to govern the region temporarily. In 1095 David Svyatoslavich obtained the town. But after a few years the principality went to Svyatoslav Vladimirovich after he superceeded his brother, Vyacheslav, who not later than 1125 replaced Monomakh's governor. About this time the prince of Polotsk tried unsuccessfully to unite Smolensk into the Polotsk principality.
In 1125 after the death of Vladimir Monomakh, the throne at Smolensk was taken by his grandson Rostislav Mstislavich, during whose reign Smolensk became completely independent of Kyiv. Thus it is with Rostislav Mstislavich that we begin the above geneological table of the princely family of Smolensk.
Smolensk reached its powerful position during the reigns of Rostislav Mstislavich and Roman Rostislavich (1161-1180) but after the death of the second Rostislav Mstislavich, grandson of David Rostislavich, the Smolensk land began to decay and to be divided into udels. At the end of the 13th century out of the appanage of Vyazma more udels were created with their capitals at Bryansk, Mozhaisk and other towns. All these as usual tried to obtain if not full independence than at least internal autonomy, which further weakened Smolensk principality as a whole.
By the middle 13th century Smolensk found itself on the border of an expanding Lithuania. The weakened principality gradually lost its territories. In 1303 Moscow took Mozhaisk. Under Smolensk prince Svyatoslav Ivanovich and his descendents the land began to be divided. By then some of the Smolensk princes were going into service of Moscow.
Under Ivan Aleksandrovich Smolensk became more closely under Lithuanian influence. In 1345 the Lithuanian grand duke Ol'gered tried unsuccessfully to regain Mozhaisk. In 1351 Grand prince Semyon Ivanovich Gordi of Moscow sent his troops to Smolensk to 'free' the Smolensk people from union with Lithuania. In 1355 Ol'gered siezed Rzhev. after which all relations between Smolensk and Lithuania were severed and Smolensk government considered itself a subordinate of Moscow. The Smolensk troops participated in Dmitri Donskoi's campaigns against Tver. In 1386 in a battle at Mstislav Vitovt defeated the Smolensk polki and began to pressure the city. In 1395 Vitovt besieged Smolensk and took it by storm taking the princes prisoner and appointing his own governor to the place. In 1401 the Smolensk princes managed to regain their udel thrones but not for long. In 1404 Vitovt again took Smolensk and finally united it with Lithuania. From that time the independent Smolensk principality was ended and then in the 17th century it went with Lithuania into the Polish kingdom.
The Vyazemski udel - had its center at Vyaz'ma. The date of Vyaz'ma's founding is not known but it likely was there already by the 10th century when Fino-Ugric tribes occupied the region. Vyaz'ma was first mentioned in the Chronicles only in 1300. At the beginning of the 13th century Vyaz'ma was in the Dorogobuzh udel but was made independent as the udel of Andrei Dolgya Ruka, son of the Kievan prince Vladimir IIIRurikovich. Andrei Vladimirovich was killed at the Kalka River in 1224 but the family kept the throne until 1403, when the city was taken by Lithuania. However the princes as Vyaz'ma managed to retain their udel (ruling) authority initally even under the Lithuanian duchy. In 1403 the Muscovite army besieged Vyaz'ma and captured it, ending its independence. The local families of princes entered Muscovite service.
The Dorogobuzh udel - the center was at Dorogobuzh. It was first mentioned in 1300 in the Suzdal Chronicle. but the town was probably founded in the middle 12th century. It remained a part of the Smolensk lands until becoming an independent udel in the 13th century. The udel fell to Lithuania at the beginning of the 15th century along with Smolensk.
The Porkhovski udel - The center was at Porkhov, near Pskov on the Shelon river. Porkhov entered into the organization of the Smolensk lands around 1329. It was first mentioned in chronicles in 1346 when Ol'gerd was besieging it. It was separated from the Smolensk principality at the end of the 14th century and given to Ivan, the 4th son of Smolensk prince Svyatoslav Ivanovich. At the beginning of the 15th century the Porkhov udel was taken by Lithuania and in practice lost its independence. In 1442 the Porkhov prince, Semyon, fled from Lithuania and moved to Rus were he began to serve the Muscovite grand prince. The family of the Porkhovski princes died out in the 16th century.
The Toropetski principality - The principality center was Toropets. It was first mentioned in chronicles for 1074, but was certainly founded well befor that. It is named for the Toropa river on whose banks it stands. In 1167 Toropets with the lands around it was divided from the Smolensk lands and made an independent udel under the rule of Mstislav Rostislavich Khrabri. Being located between Novgorod, Polotsk, Suzdal, and southern Rus, the Smolensk principality played an important role in trade between them, which meant also it was important politically. Toropets itself held only a relatively small territory between the Torop River and upper course of the Western Dvina, and the portages in the Valdai hills reaching nearly to the Lake Seligir. Mstislav Khrabri strongly fortified his principality and operated energetically in alliance with other south Rus princes and participated in many military campaigns. His son and successor on the Toropets throne, Mstislav Udaloi, followed the same policy. At the beginning of the 13th century the principality began to fall to Lithuania. In 1320 Toropets was taken by Ol'gerd andunited with Lithuania. In 1499 Toropets was taken by Ivan III's army and by the peace treaty of 1503 became a part of the Moscow government.
The Fominsko-Beryezuiski udel - This area was divided from the Smolensk lands at the beginning of the 13th century and given to Yuri, son of the Smolensk prince, Konstantin Davidovich. The location of the capital is not known. This udel didn't play a significant political role. When Smolensk itself fell to Lithuania at the start of the 15th century the Fominsk udel did also.
The Kozlovski udel - At first this udel was only a volost in the property of the Fominsko-Beryezuiski prince. It gradually became an independent udel in the 14th century under prince Vasilii Fedorovich. The location of his capital is not known. At the end of the 15th century Vasilii Romanovich and Lev Ivanovich lost governing rights as udel prince status and were subordinated to Lithuania. At the beginning of the 16th century the Kozlovski princes entered into Muscovite service.

   

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