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Feodor was born in 1661, the son of Aleksei Mikhailovich and his first wife, Maria Miloslavskaia. His ill health and weak physical constitution impared his ability to rule, but he was, nevertheless, able to continue the reforming internal and external political and military policies of his father. He was unusually well educated, having learned both Latin and Polish. And he made educational progress a matter of government policy. He was pious and supported the important role of religion in Muscovite cultural life, insuring that his new educational institutions would be superintended by the church. His reign, thus, served as an effective bridge to that of his half-brother Peter I. Among the leading courtiers who served Fedor was Prince Valilii Golitsyn, who became even more powerful during the short reign of Fedor's sister, Sophia. The Romanov family is shown on this chart.
Fedor married twice. His first wife was Agaf'ia Grushetskaia, who died in childbirth in 1681. He then married Marfa Apraksina, but they had no children as he died only a few months later.

Summary of the reign:

Muscovite foreign policy during Fedor's reign was focused mainly toward the south and southwest, on retention of the Ukrainian territories gained at the Truce of Andrusovo in 1667. The six-way struggle for control of the steppe between the Don and Dniester continued between the Ottoman Turks, their Crimean Tatar vassals, Poland, Muscovy, and the Right Bank and Left Bank Cossack hosts, with the main prize being Kiev.
The principal internal political event was the burning of the books containing the mestnichestvo registers in 1682. In obtaining agreement of the old boyar families to abolish the Code of Precedence Fedor attained a goal that had been sought unsuccessfully by his predecessors since the time of Ivan IV. This was a critical step toward effective military reform and an important precursor toward Peter's creation of a new hierarchal system with the Table of Ranks. He also vetoed a boyar scheme to increase their power by turning the office of governor into a permanent position.
Fedor continued the bitter struggle against the Old Believers and approved various measures for reform of church affairs.
On his death in 1682 the power struggle between the Miloslavskii and Naryshkin families and their supporters


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