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Return to 11th century.


1100 AD

Norsemen from Norway on crusade return via Constantinople and Russia


1100 AD

Vladimirovichi cousins, Svyatopolk, Vladimir, and Oleg meet at Vitichev, Zolotsha River to settle family arrangements and offer Polovtsi peace.


1101 AD

Polovtsi finally send their ambassadors to the Rus princes, offering gold. Then they traveled to the depth of Rus lands to Sakov, northwest of Peryeyaslavl.


1102 AD

Peace treaty between Rus and Polovtsi at Sakov. Novgorod is ruled by Vladimir's son, Mstislav.


1102-1138 AD

Boleslav III, King of Poland defeats Pomeranians, Battle of Naklo in 1109. Svyatopolk's daughter, Sbislava, marries Boleslav.


1102-3 AD

King Eric I of Denmark visits Constantinople on Crusade, dies in Cyprus.


1103 AD

Svyatopolk II and Vladimir Monomakh decide on new offensive, but Oleg Svyatoslavich pleads illness to avoid going against his allies. David Svyatoslavich does participate. Others are David Vsyeslavich, Vyacheslav Yaropolchich, and Yaropolk II Vladimirovich. In April the Rus launch offensive against Polovtsi at the Samar River. They campaign clear to Don and Donets rivers, wining big victories, freeing prisoners and taking their own. They rebuild Yur'yev and strengthen the southern border.


1104 AD

Svyatopolk's daughter, Predslava, marries Prince Ladislav of Hungary


1104-34 AD

Nicholas King of Denmark



Polovtsi Khan Boinak raids Rus lands.


1105-10 AD

Georgian Tsar, David IV, strengthening his personal power versus his feudal vassals.


1106 AD

Another Rus offensive campaign against the Polovtsi near the Khorol river.


1107 AD

Volga Bolgars besiege Suzdal.


1107 AD

Battle on Sula river Russians defeat Polovtsi led by Khan Sharokan, grandfather of Konchak.


1108 AD

Vladimir Monomakh founds Vladimir on Klyazma frontier fortress and appoints his son, Yuri (Dologruki), as prince of Suzdal.


1108 AD

Sigordr, King of Norway, on crusade around Spain and Med returns via Cyprus and Constantinople and overland through Russia, leaves ships and Varangians with Alexis in Byzantium.


1109-10 AD

Svyatopolk II, Vladimir Monomakh and David Svyatoslavich again campaign deep into steppe.


1110 AD

The Polovtsi conduct counter attack against the Pereyaslavl principality.


1111 AD

United Rus forces under command of Svyatopolk II Izyaslavich attack Polovtsi. - Battle on River Sol'nitsa between Rus and Polovtsi .


1111-25 AD

Vladislav I, King of Bohemia.


1113-25 AD

Vladimir II, Vsyevolodovich, Monomakh, Prince of Kyiv, after death of Svyatopolk II, when town people send for him. The dynasty family is expanding rapidly, making it more contentious and difficult to find suitable towns for each member. North-east Oka-Volga region and far west Galicia, Volynia region being taken. Vladimir controls Kyiv, Novgorod, Periaslavl, Smolensk, Rostov and Suzdal. He takes Turov and Vladimir-in-Volynia. Kyiv is still the hub.

1115 AD

Death of Oleg Svyatoslavich, ruler of Chernigiv and Tmutorokan.


1116 AD

Part of Torks enter Kyivan service under pressure on steppe from Polovtsi. Vladimir Monomakh sends 2 sons and son of Oleg Svyatoslavich to marry Polovtsi princesses.


1118 AD

Vladimir Monomakh pushes Yaroslav Svyatopolchich out of Volynia.


1118 AD

This year or before Georgian Tsar David IV marries Guranadukh, daughter of Polovtsi (Kypchak) leader, Otrak.

1118-43 AD

John II, Komnenus Byzantine emperor

1118-25 AD

Otrak brings 1500 to 5000 Polovtsi warriors to support David IV in war against Seljuk Turks, Georgian victories dependent on Polovtsi troops who are paid by plunder and prisoners taken.


1119 AD

Vladimir Monomakh pushes Gleb Vseslavich out of Minsk. Gleb dies this year.


1120 AD

Yurii Dolgoruki campaign against Volga Bolgar


1121 AD

Torks disappear from Rus lands.


1122 AD

Byzantine emperor John II uses Varangian guard to crush Pecheneg in Battle of Beroe.


1124 AD

Volodar and Vasil'ko Rostislavich both die.


1125-32 AD

Mstislav I Vladimirovich, Prince of Kyiv. There are now four main branches of dynasty - Monomakhovichi sons Yuri and sons based in north-east (Suzdal, Rostov, Vladimir, and they hold Periaslavl; Monomakhovichi grandson Izyaslav Mstislavich and his sons based at Vladimir in Volynia, Rostaslav Mstislavich and sons at Smolensk (Rostoslavichi), which is now important princedom; Oleg and David Svyatoslavich heirs (Ol'govichi) at Chernigiv held since 1054 when given to Oleg, David and Yaroslav Svyatoslavichi - David held Chernigiv (until he died in 1123), Oleg Novgorod-Severski and Yaroslav Ryazan and Murom. And there are the Svyatopolk Izyaslavich heirs at Turov and Pinsk. Novgorod has no hereditary prince, accepts one according to regional and internal power politics. But Polotsk was not held by descendents of Yaroslav I. It was held by descendents of Vladimir I through his first son, Izyaslav, who ruled there with his mother, Rogneda. Izyaslav's son, Bryacheslav (1001-44) was followed by Vseslav (1044-1101). Then Vseslav's sons split the land between Polotsk, Minsk, Vitebsk, and other towns.


1125-40 AD

Soveslav I, King of Bohemia.


1126 -67 AD

Almost yearly Polovtsi attacks on Rus lands. They interveen in support of Oleg Svyatoslavich's heirs at Chernigiv 15 times.


1126 AD

Polovtsi attack against Baruch.


1129 AD

Murom and Ryazan remain in the Yaroslav Svyatoslavich family, but at end of century they are split with Yuri Vladimirovich getting Murom and Gleb Rostislavich getting Ryazan. The division weakens them versus the princes of Suzdal.


1130 AD

Mstislav Vladimirovich pushes Vseslavichi out of Polotsk temporarily. Mstislav and his sons control Kyiv in center and promote regional development building regional towns as expanded places for more princes. But there is no central government or control, each prince is potentially independent according to his military power. Each area is called a 'land'. They hang together because the military capacity of each town is insufficient by itself against foreigners. All contenders for Kyivan throne have patrimonial land elsewhere.


1132 AD

Mstislav dies and is succeeded by his brother, Yaropolk II Vladimirovich. Two other brothers live, Vyacheslav in Smolensk and Turov; and Yuri Dolgoruki in Suzdal.


1132-39 AD

Yaropolk II, Vladimirovich, Prince of Kyiv.


1134-7 AD

Eric II King of Denmark.


1134 AD

Novgorodian campaign against Rostov - Yuri Dolgoruki active along upper Volga expanding realm and fortifying strategic locations at confluence of rivers. He is trying to control access from Novgorod to Volga.


1135 AD

Volok-Laminsk and Torzhok founded.


1136 AD

Vsyevolod II Ol'govich of Chernigiv defeated Yaropolk II Vladimirovich. Novgorod leaders ask Vsyevolod Ol'govich to send them his brother in place of his nephew, prince of Kyiv. Svyatoslav Ol'govich involved in rebellion in Novgorod and Pskov against Vsevolod. - The events of this year in Novgorod are considered by historians to be a dramatic turn of political power and evidence of Novgorodian veche or boyar local exercise of power. Actually there were boyars both for and against Vsyevolod.


1137-46 AD

Eric III King of Denmark.


1137 AD

Svyatoslav issues laws on peasants and tithes for church, internal political struggle continues in Novgorod.


1138 AD

When Vsyevolod Ol'govich turns out to be weak at Kyiv, Novgorod leaders ask Yuri Vladimirovich of Suzdal for his son as prince instead of Vsyevolod's brother. Svyatoslav is expelled. The struggle for Kyiv continues and is reflected also at Novgorod.


1138-46 AD

Vladislav II, King of Poland.


1139 AD

First mention of Torshok in chronicles.


1139 AD

Yaropolk II Vladimirovich dies and Kyiv is occupied for few weeks by his brother, Vyacheslav Vladimirovich of Turov as prince, but he lacks power base (Turov being weak position), so he then gives the city to Vsyevolod Ol'govich of Chernigiv. Novgorod decides not to support Yuri Vladimirovich's effort against him and to ask for Vsyevolod's brother back. This is a reflection on their assessement that Vsyevolod is powerful.


1139-46 AD

Vsyevolod II Ol'govich, of Chernigiv, Prince of Kyiv.


1140 AD

Vladimirko Volodarevich prince at Galich.


1140-73 AD

Vladislav II, King of Bohemia.



Manuel I Byzantine Emperor.


1144 AD

Vsyevolod II Ol'govich of Kyiv campaigns against Galich.


1145 AD

Vsyevolod II Ol'govich nominates his brother, Igor, as ruler before dying in 1146.


1146 AD

Izyaslav Mstislavich comes to Kyiv with army and captures Igor, sends him to prison and then Igor is made a monk. Igor killed by mob in 1147.


1146 AD

Bryansk, Kozel'sk, and Putivl founded


1146-54 AD

Sweyn III, King of Denmark.


1146-52, 1154-7 AD

Canute V, King of Denmark.


1146-73 AD

Boleslav IV, King of Poland, loses territory to Henry the Lion and Albert the Bear.


1146-54 AD

Izyaslav II Mstislavich, Prince of Kyiv. He faces two uncles, Yuri Vladimirovich Dolgoruki and Vyacheslav Vladimirovich.


1147 AD

First mention of Moscow in chronicles - Vologda also mentioned from this year. Yuri Dolgoruki begins war with Novgorod and siezes Torshok and lands along Mste. By this time Suzdal-Rostov controls Volga up to mouth of Tvertsi.


1147 AD

Pope Eugenius III promotes the Second Crusade to restore Christian control in Palestine. The main army marches through Hungary and into Asia Minor. But the northern peoples don't want to go to Palestine. So the Pope authorizes a crusade to convert the pagans in the Baltic region. He also authorizes King Alfonso VII to conduct crusade against the Muslims in Spain.


1147 AD

Responding to the Pope and to Bernard of Clairvaux, the Poles, Saxons and Danes launch sometime coordinated and sometime antagonistic campaigns against the Slavs, Balts and Fino-Ugric peoples on the Baltic litoral. The first target is the Abotrites who lived around Mecklenburg. The Margrave of Brandenburg tries to take Stettin. Two Danish fleets and two Saxon armies attack Aborites - Canute V and Sweryn III cooperate with Archbishop Adalbert of Bremen and Duke Henry the Lion of Saxony against Prince Nyklot's fortress at Dobin. The other Saxon army led by Margraves Conrad and Albert the Bear and the legate Anselm of Magdeburg plus many bishops into Luitizian fortress at Demmin. They are disappointed to find that Stettin is already Christian. Nyklot defends well. The Rugians attack the Danish fleet at sea. Meanwhile the Poles attack the Prussians. The "northern crusade' is off to a rather inauspicious start.


1148-57 AD

Henry the Lion and Adolph of Holstein maintain reasonably friendly relations with Princes Nyklot of Aborites and Ratibor of Pomerania.


1149 AD

Yuri I, Vladimirovich, Dologoruki sacks Kyiv and holds it for a year; and again Sept 1150 to March 1151. He establishes princedom at Rostov-Suzdal.


1149 AD

Vladimirko Volodarevich, prince of Galicia, is more powerful from friendship with Yuri I Vladimirovich at Suzdal. He campaigns against Kyiv in support of Yuri.


1149 AD

Kyivan-Smolensk forces campaign against Suzdal, they succeed to taking towns along Volga including Dubna, Shosha, Tver and Yaroslavl. Rostov-Suzdal princes have to defend against both Novgorod and Bulgars. They build more frontier fortresses.


1149 AD

Byzantine Varangians attack Roger of Sicily at Thebes in Greece, where Roger has been campaigning since 1147.


1150 - 1200 AD

There are 30 changes of prince at Kyiv involving 11 princes with total reigns averaging 5 years..


1150 AD

Isyaslav Mstislavich calls Viacheslav Vladimirovich "father' to get him to fight Yuri Dolgoruki. Makes Viacheslav figurehead ruler of Kyiv again to satisfy family dynasty perceptions.


1151-57 AD

Yurii I Yladimirovich Dolgorukii, Prince of Rostov-Suzdal from 1125, grand prince of Vladimir from 1151.


1152 AD

Peryeyaslavl Zaleski founded by Yuri I, who moved a village to new location.


1153-87 AD

Yaroslav Vladimirovich Osmomysl rules Galich.


1154 AD

Dmitrov founded.


1154 AD

Polovtsi attack against Peryeyaslavl.


1154 AD

Isyaslav Mstislavich dies, his brother, Rostislav Mstislavich, prince of Smolensk, rules Kyiv with Viacheslav, who dies that year. Yuri Dolgoruki takes Kyiv again, unopposed in 1155. He throws Rostislav out temporarily.


1154-67 AD

Rostislav Mstislavich, ruler of Smolensk, returns to be prince of Kyiv.


1156 AD

First construction of wooden walls and rampart around Moscow.


1156-84 AD

Georgi III, Tsar of Georgia.


1157-82 AD

Valdemar I, King of Denmark.


1157-74 AD

Yuri dies in 1157, his son, Andrei Yur'yevich Bogolyubski, prince at Suzdal, he continues war to control upper Volga River.


1158 AD

Henry the Lion of Saxony attacks Nyklot (prince of Abotrites).


1158 AD

First German merchants- missionaries arrive at mouth of West Dvina in Livonia.


1159 AD

Danish King Valdemar I attacks Rugian island - not conquered until 1168.


1160 AD

Joint Danish-Saxon campaign along Baltic coast. Prince Nyklot dies in battle. His son, Pribislav, leads Aborites and defeats Saxons at Verchen.


1160-64 AD

Andrei I Yur'yevich Bogolyubski campaigns against Volga Bolgar, captures capital on Kama River.


1162 AD

Birth of Temujin in Mongolia.


1164 AD

Veliki Luki founded.


1164 AD

Abotrites revolt and are subjugated by Saxons and Danes.


1164 AD

Andrei I Yur'yevich founds Gorokhovets on Klyazma as outpost against Bolgars.


1165 AD

Genoese begin effort to push Venice out of Black Sea, buy Russian swords and Polovtsi slaves at Sudak


1166 AD

Andrei I Bogolyubski conquers Kyiv.


1167 AD

Polovtsi attack against Peryeyaslavl.


1167 AD

Oleg Svyatoslavich, prince of Novgorod-Severski and then of Chernigiv, wins victory over Khan Bonyak.


1168 AD

Chernigiv prince helps Kyivans - Rus troops led by Ol'govichi defeat troops of Khan Kozi and Khan Begluk.


1169 AD

First Byzantine treaty with Genoa - Genoese free trade in Black Sea except Rus and Matrakha (Azov region).

1169 AD

Last mention of Pecheneg in Russian chronicles. Kyivans have nomad horsemen settled along frontier as guards, some are Chernye Klobuki, "Black caps" from 12th century Karakalpak.

1169-74 AD

Andrei I Yur'yevich Bogolyubski, Grand Prince of Rostov -Susdal, Vladimir. His army led by son Mstislav sacks Kyiv in 1169, then invites Gleb Yur'yevich of Periaslavl, Mstislav's uncle, and grandson of Vladimir Monomakh, to be prince of Kyiv.

1170 AD

Russians led by Mstislav II, Izyaslavich, campaign against Polovtsi, at Snoporog and Orel.


1170 AD

Siege of Novgorod - 1170 - Suzdalites are defeated by the Novgorodians on 25 February. The victory is ascribed to the blinding light emanating from the icon of the Virgin Mary carried out of the Savior on Ilin street by the posadnik Yakun. A darkness fell on the field, as the icon was turned towards the city, a bright light shown which blinded the warriors as the skies rained arrows. The Novgorodians met no resistance from the Suzdalites who surrendered peacefully.


1171 AD

Gleb Yur'yevich dies, Andrei Bogolyubski orders who will rule Kyiv.


1171 AD

Pope Alexander III issues another Bull authorizing crusade in Baltic region.


1171 AD

Venice war against Byzantine empire and Genoa over trade, Venice soundly defeated


1172 AD

West Slav fleet defeated off Danish coast, last Slavic naval raid.


1172 AD

Polovtsi attack Korsun and Pesochen simultaneously and then Kyiv.


1172 AD

Russian campaign of princes of Rostov and Murom against Volga Bolgar and Mordvi.


1172-1199 AD

Takash, Shah of Khwarezm, expands empire into Persia but is held off in Khorasan by Ghor


1173-77 AD

Mieszko III, King of Poland.


1173-1203 AD

Ghiyas-ud-Din, ruler of Ghor, unites all Afghanistan region.


1173-97 AD

Internal struggle in Bohemia, 10 kings


1172-3 AD

Rurik and Mstislav Rostislavichi rebel and offer Kyiv to Yaroslav Izyaslavich of Vladimir in Volynia


1173 AD

Ol'ga, daughter of Yuri Dolgoruki, departs Galich with her son to Poland. She was incensed that her husband, Yaroslav Vladimirovich Osmomysl had engaged a mistress, Nataslya. This had serious effects in both Galicia and Hungary.


1174-76 AD

Mikhail II (Mikhalko) Yur'yevich, Grand Prince of Vladimir after Andri is murdered by some boyars. Succession struggle between Andrei's two nephews and his brother, Mikhalko.


1174 AD

Polovtsi attack Baruch - Rus offensive campaign goes to Orel and Samara - Novgorod merchant traders on Volga to Kama River meet Bolgars


1176-96 AD

Canute Eriksson, King of Sweden.


1176-80, 1181-94 AD

Vsyevolod II Ol'govich's son, SviatoslavIII Vsyevolodovich rules in Kyiv.


1176-1212 AD

Vsevelod III Yur'yevich, Bol'shoye Gnyezdo, Grand Prince of Suzdal - Vladimir after Mikhalko dies. Vsyevolod is first to title himself 'grand' prince. He founds Kostroma, Nerekhta, Sol'Velikogo on Volga and Unzha on river of that name. He expands territory against Novgorod north to Pechora and Northern Dvina, founds Ustyug in 1178.


1177 AD

Voronezh founded.


1177 AD

Battle of Yur'yev Field near the Khze River. Vsyevolod, brother of Mikhailko, battles Mstislav Rostislavich for the throne of Vladimir. The Rostovites placed their allegiance with Mstislav and the Vladimirites and inhabitants of Pereyaslavl-Zalesskii stood behind Vsevolod. Talks fail Vsyevolod wins and Mstislav flees to Novgorod. Suzdal did not take part in this war. Rostovites sought to regain past lost preeminence. They payed dearly for their self-confidence. The battle on Yur'iev field took place near "Lipets'". Vsevolod, having "beaten the regiment , returned to Vladimir where he was proclaimed a hero by the Vladimirites, his Druzhina led the prisoners in irons thru the city, and herded the cattle and horses taken as spoils. The participation of Rostovite and Suzdalite warriors, strengthened the Vladimir community as the dominant one.


1177-8 AD

War between Gleb Rostislavich of Ryazan and Vsyevolod III of Suzdal. Battle of Prus' on Koloksha River in which Vsyevolod defeats the army of the Ryazan princes.


1177 AD

Henry the Lion and King Valdemar I conduct joint campaign against west Slavs.


1177-94 AD

Casimir II, King of Poland


1180-83 AD

Alexius II, Byzantine emperor


1180 AD

Kyivan prince Svyatoslav III organizes major campaign to Volga against Vsyevolod in alliance with his son, Novgorod prince Vladimir, but he retreats without doing battle. Result is that influence of Vladimir-Suzdal expands further than ever westward to mouth of Vazuzi. Vladimir collects tribute from Torshok and Volok Lamsk. Ryazan forced to aid Suzdal against Chernigiv.


1180 AD

Igor Svyatoslavich of Novgorod-Seversk and Konchak, ruler of Polovtsi, defeated at battle of Dolobsk by sons of Rostislav I, Rurik of Belgorod (Kyiv) and David of Smolensk.


1180-1190 AD

Temujin unites local tribes and groups in Mongolia.


1181 AD

Fall of Henry the Lion, his Saxon duchy split.


1182-1202 AD

Canute VI, King of Denmark.


1183 AD

Vsyevolod III Yur'yevich campaign against Volga Bolgar, sinks their ships.

1183 AD

Polovtsi attack Dmitrov Kyivski - Svyatoslav III, prince of Kyiv, and Rurik Rostislavich, rout Polovtsi at battle of Orel river. Khan Konchak defeated during Rus offensive at Khorol.

1183-85 AD

Andronicus I, Byzantine emperor.


1184 AD

Liutizian-Pomeranian fleet destroyed at Greifwalden Bodden.


1184 AD

Polovtsi Khan Konchak attacks Pereyaslavl - Khan Gzi attacks Posyemi.


1184 AD

Grand Prince of Vladimir-Suzdal, Vsyevolod III Yur'yevich and allies campaign against Bolgars who attack Gorodetz-na-Oka , Murom, Ryazan.


1185 AD

Prince Bogislav counterattacks Danes and looses, surrenders all the Pomeranian coast to Canute VI.


1185 AD

Polovtsi attack Peryeyaslavl and Rimov. Svyatoslav III Vsyevolodovich defeats Polovtsi on 21 April.


1185 AD

Prince Igor Svyatoslavich of Novgorod-Seversk in campaign against Polovtsi, led by Khan Konchak, during which there was a solar eclipse (May 1) celebrated in the famous "Song of Igor's Campaign." Igor is captured. His son, Vladimir, marries Konchak's daughter. After defeating Igor, Konchak failed in attack on Pereyaslavl.

1185-95 AD

Isaac II, Byzantine emperor.


1186 AD

Bishop Meingard - archbishop of Bremen - builds wooden fortress at Ikskul near Riga. Catholic bishopric established on lower Dvina.


1186 AD

Second campaign of Vsyevolod III against Volga Bolgar.


1187-89 AD

Saladin wages Jihad against Crusaders in Palestine.


1187 AD

First accounts of conflict between Novgorod the Great and Swedes along coast and in Finland. Novgorod troops use Est and Karelian allies to raid Gothland.


1187 AD

Khan Konchak attacks Porosi' and Chernigiv lands simultaneously - Svyatoslav III Vsyevolodovich defeats Polovtsi on Samara river.


1187 AD

Death of Yaroslav Osmomysl. Oleg Yaroslavich is removed from his inheritance in Galich by his brother, Vladimir Yaroslavich. Vladimir is unpopular with the local boyars due to his immorality. He is removed and expelled by Roman Mstislavich. Hungarian King Bela III supports Vladimir and drives Roman out of Galich and brings Vladimir back.


1188 AD

Estonians raid Uppsala in Sweden. First mission to the Livs.


1189-92 AD

Third Crusade.


1189-99 AD

Vladimir Yaroslavich rules Galich.


1190 AD

Peace treaty between Grand Prince Svyatoslav III Vsyevolodovich and Rurik II Rostislavich on one side versus Polovtsi Khans on the other at the Tyasmin River.


1190 AD

Battle of Galich. Vladimir, son of Yaroslav Osmomysl the Wise of Galich, escapes from Hungarian King Bela, whose son, Andrei had usurped the Galician throne. With the help of Polish troops he regains his seat.


1190? or 1192? AD

Battle of Mozgav' River in the struggle in Poland between the children of Casimir the Just and their uncle, Meshka the Elder. Roman Mstislavich fights on the losing side and is wounded, then taken to Vladimir Volynskii.


1190-1206 AD

Unification of Mongolia under Temujin


1191 AD

Trade treaty between Novgorod the Great and Hanse towns, Yaroslav Vladimirovich is the appointed prince of Novgorod.


1192 AD

Renewed peace treaty between Rurik Rostislavich and Khan Kuntuvdi


1192 AD

Emperor Isaac Angelus confirmed Genoese trade privilege except Rosii and Matrakha


Empire of Trebizond becoming independent of Byzantines - and gaining control of Crimea.


1193 AD

Mstislav Mstislavich Udaloi and Mstislav Romanovich hold Toropetz on Dniper.


1194 AD

Temujin campaigns against Tatars in alliance with Chin.


1194 AD

Svyatoslav III Vsyevolodovich dies in Kyiv, the last of the Ol'govichi there. He is followed by Rurik Rostislavich.


1194-1227 AD

Leszek I, King of Poland, civil war and anarchy.


1195 AD

Vsyevolod III demands that Rurik give him 5 towns. Roman in Galicia then requests Yaroslav in Chernigiv, brother of Svyatoslav Vsyevolodovich, to attack Kyiv.


1195 AD

Battle of Shamkhorsk. With an avangard of Polovtsi the Georgian army prevails over the Artqabek Arran Armenians.


1195-1203 AD

Alexius III, Byzantine emperor, writes to King Sverre of Norway, Knud IV of Denmark and Knud Karlsson of Sweden asking for more Varangians.


1196 1208 AD

Sverker II Karlsson, King of Sweden


1196 AD

Yaroslav Vsyevolodovich of Chernigiv invades Smolensk lands, battles occur in Smolensk, Polotsk, Kyiv, Chernigiv, Volynia and Galicia. Rostoslavichi ally, Vsyevolod III and Gleb Ingvaryevich of Ryazan are against Ol'govichi of Chernigiv, princes of Polotsk and Roman of Volynia. Polovtsi hired to fight by both sides. After peace there has been no change in positions.


1196 AD

First mention of Beshetskii Verkh.


1197 - 1199 AD

Ryazan princes forced to support Suzdal princes in campaigns first against Chernigiv and then against Polovtsi.


1198 AD

Pope Innocent III authorises the Livonian crusade. Bishop Berthold is slain. German brethern of the Hospital in Jerusalem raised to a military order of knighthood under the title as Order of the Knights of the Hospital of St Mary of the Teutons in Jerusalem. Their headquarters shifted to Marienburg in Prussia in 1309.


1198 AD

Emperor Alexius Angelus treaty with Venice for free trade in empire, but list of locations does not include Crimea (Lost by Byzantines?)


1198-1230 AD

Ottokar I, King of Bohemia, first of Premyslid house.


1199 AD

Albert of Buxtehude appointed Bishop of Livonia.


1199 AD

Yaroslav Ol'govichi dies.


1199 AD

Roman Mstislavich, Prince of Vladimir in Volynia takes Galich also. He divorces daughter of Rurik to marry Byzantine princess.


1199 AD

Vladimir Igoryevich is the appanage prince of Putivl and son of Igor Svyatoslavich, the appanage prince of Novgorod-Seversk. His mother is a daughter of Yaroslav Vladimirovich Osmomisl. Vladimir marries the daughter (whose name is not known) of the Polovtsi Khan, Konchak. Mstislav Mstislavich Udaloi is married (exact year unknown) to Maria, daughter of Polovtsi Khan Kotyan. Their daughter is Rostislava-Fedosia, future wife of Yaroslav II Vsyevolodovich, grand prince of Vladimir, and mother of Alexander Nevski.


1199 AD

Vsyevolod III removes Yaroslav Vladimirovich, his brother-in-law, from Novgorod and replaces him with own 3-year old son, Svyatoslav, in 1200.


1199 AD

Second campaign by Rus princes deep into Polovtsi territory led by Vsyevolod Yur'yevich.


12th cent

Kostroma and Tver were founded during this century


Go to 13th century.


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